Angina is chest pain arising from the heart muscle when it does not receive enough oxygen. It is usually caused by coronary artery disease. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is caused by the build up of cholesterol deposits in walls of the coronary arteries. This is called plaque and may result in the narrowing or occlusion of the artery.
Medications used in the treatment of angina may include 1) control of cardiovascular risk factors llike cholesterol lowering medication, 2) blood thinners (like Aspirin), 3) symptom relief medication like : Glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) which is used to relief the symptoms of angina. It works by relaxing the blood vessels of the heart, so that more blood and oxygen is supplied to the heart. GTN comes in the forms of sublingual (under the tongue) tablets and oral spray (spray into the mouth). It can be used to treat angina in 2 ways:
- To relieve an attack by using the medicine when the attack begins
- To prevent attacks from occurring by using the medicine just before an attack is expected to occur
Consult Dr Ang to discuss an appropriate treatment plan for your heart condition.