Heart failure occurs when your heart has become too weak to pump enough blood to your organs and tissues, often the result of other heart problems like high blood pressure, inflammatory or infection of the heart, heart attack and diabetes. Your cardiologist may do various tests to assist in his diagnosis, these include blood tests, Xrays, ECG, echocardiogram, stress test, CT scans, MRI scans, coronary angiogram or even a heart muscle biopsy.
Doctors usually treat heart failure with a combination of medications. Your doctor may need to adjust your doses frequently, especially when you’ve just started a new medication or when your condition is worsening. Depending on the cause, invasive procedures may be done such as coronary angioplasty, coronary artery bypass, implantation of heart devices, heart valve repair or replacement, and in rare cases, even a heart transplant or mechanical heart. Minimise the complications of heart failure by
- Drinking liquids as directed
- Maintain a healthy and balanced diet (low salt diet)
- Other measures include staying active, quit smoking, and appropriate vaccinations.
You will have fewer symptoms if you manage other health conditions such as high blood pressure or diabetes. There are suggested home monitoring that you can carry out daily such as weighing yourself at the same time, monitoring your blood pressure and monitoring your blood glucose.
Consult Dr Ang to discuss an appropriate treatment plan for your heart condition.