Mitral stenosis is a narrowing of the mitral valve opening. Mitral stenosis reduces blood flow from the left atrium to the left ventricle of the heart. As a result, the volume of blood bringing oxygen from the lungs is reduced, which can make you feel tired and short of breath. The volume and pressure from blood remaining in the left atrium increases which then causes the left atrium to enlarge and fluid to build up in the lungs.
Medications cannot fix mitral stenosis. Your doctor might prescribe medications to reduce fluid accumulation in the lungs, blood thinners to prevent clots from forming, or heart rhythm control drugs if those are indicated. The mitral valve can usually be repaired or replaced using surgery, or a minimally invasive procedure.
Consult Dr Ang to discuss an appropriate treatment plan for your heart condition.