Mitral Regurgitation

Mitral regurgitation is leakage of blood backward through the mitral valve each time the heart contracts. A leaking mitral valve…

Mitral Stenosis

Mitral stenosis is a narrowing of the mitral valve opening. Mitral stenosis reduces blood flow from the left atrium to…

aortic regurgitation

Aortic Regurgitation

Aortic regurgitation (AR) is leakage of the aortic valve each time the left ventricle of the heart relaxes. A normal…

Aortic Stenosis

Aortic stenosis (AS) is one of the most common and most serious valve disease problems. Aortic stenosis is a narrowing…